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Express Entry isn’t an Immigration Program, but an Immigrant Selection method. It is a method used by the CIC (Citizenship and Immigration Canada) to source the best candidates for PR in Canada. Both provincial and federal governments, along with Canadian employers participate in the selection process via Express Entry.
To get eligible under Express Entry, candidates must fulfil the minimum requirements of the following economic to apply to the Express Entry pool-
• Federal Skilled Worker Program (FSWP)
• Federal Skilled Trades Program (FSTP)
• Provincial Nominee Program (PNP)
• Canadian Experience Class (CEC)
Comprehensive Ranking System (CSR)
CRS is a point-based ranking system the Express Entry uses to give score to the candidates. Scores are given based on the following information-
• Language Proficiency
• Work Experience
• Canadian degree or certificate or diploma
• A valid job offer
• Provincial Nomination
Canadian Experience Class is for the workers who has one-year Canadian Work Experience and want to become permanent residents. Canadian Experience Class program was launched in 2008 by Immigration, Refugees and Citizenship Canada (IRCC). The CEC is the Canada’s most successful pathway for skilled workers to obtain their Permanent Residency.
To get eligible under CEC, candidates must
• Have at least 1 year of skilled or technical work experience in Canada with in last three years
(One year work experience means at least 1,560 hours of skilled work in Canada).
• People residing in Quebec may apply to the Quebec Experience Class.
• Meet or surpass a CLB of 5 for NOC B jobs or CLB 7, for NOC skill 0 or A jobs.
• Also, candidates under CEC do not need to have settlement funds.
Note: Self Employment and work experience gained while while you were a full-time student (for example, on a co-op work term) does not count under the CEC.
The Provincial Nominee Program (PNP) is a special program that lets Canadian provinces to nominate people based on their needs. PNP program was launched in 1998. This means, Canadian provinces can choose immigrants based on their abilities, education, work experience, and other key factors relevant to their market needs. If a person is looking to become a PR in Canada, they can apply to provincial programs.
To get eligible under Provincial Nominee Program, candidates must
• Have a provincial nomination certificate from the province one he/she plans to migrate to.
• The next step is to apply for a PR to federal immigration officials.
• Each Canadian province has different criteria for the PNM, but the overall procedure is the same.
This program under Express Entry is for employees who have the skills or job experience to contribute to the economy of a territory or province. Each province has its own immigration programs that target specific groups; for example, students, skilled workers, business people, etc.
Below are some Provincial Nominee Programs for Immigrants who want to obtain a PR in Canada-
• Alberta Immigrant Nominee Program (AINP)
• Nova Scotia PNP
• New Brunswick Provincial Nominee Program
• Ontario Immigrant Nominee Program (OINP)
• Yukon Nominee Program (YNP)
• Prince Edward Island Provincial Nominee Program (PEIPNP)
• Manitoba Provincial Nominee Program (MPNP)
• Northwest Territory Nominee Program (NTNP)
• British Columbia Provincial Nominee Program (BCPNP)
• Saskatchewan Immigrant Nominee Program (SINP)
Quebec doesn’t have any provincial nominee program. Also, the criteria may vary by territory or province without any notice. Don’t worry! If you wish to apply via this mechanism, our professionals can help you out. Reach out to us to know more!
Federal Skilled Worker Program (FSWP) was launched in 1967 to select immigrants from all over the world. The candidates are evaluated based on age, education, language skills, work experience, and occupation. FSWP is managed via the Express Entry application management system. Canada welcomes more than 110,000 immigrants per year. Also, pursuing immigration through FSWP can get you permanent residence within six months.
To get eligible under Federal Skilled Worker Program, candidates must meet the basic requirements related to working, language ability, education and obtain at least 67 points under the 100-point grid.
Minimum requirements are:
• One year Full time work experience in the past 10 years in a skilled occupation under the NOC skill level 0, A or B.
• Language ability by Canadian Language Benchmark (CLB) 7 in English or French across all the modules (reading, writing, listening, and speaking)
• Canadian educational certificate, diploma or degree and Educational Credential Assessment.
Federal Skilled Trade Program was launched in 2013 by Immigration, Refugees and Citizenship Canada (IRCC). This program is managed by the Government’s Express Entry System. Applying through the FSTP is one of many ways you can pursue immigration to Canada as a skilled trades professional. FSTP is major effort of Federal and Provincial Governments. Canada has aging population with low birth rate, and they have a major dependency on immigration to support their economic growth. It is important to note that candidates for the Federal Skilled Trades Program can usually be chosen on a broad basis if they have a high Comprehensive Ranking Score (CRS).
To get eligible under Federal Skilled Trade Program, candidates must
• Have valid job offer (LMIA approved) of continuous, paid, full-time employment from up to 2 employers for at least one year in Canada.
• 2 years of full-time work experience in the skilled trade in the last five years before applying.
• Applicant must have a proof of basic language proficiency from the language testing organization Canadian Level Benchmark (CLB) 5 for speaking and listening, CLB 4 for reading and writing.
• Meet all job requirements for that skilled trade according to the NOC (except for provincial certificate)
A certificate of qualification which proves that foreign national can work in Canada in the skilled trade. Also, person has passed a certification exam to meet all the requirements of a province or territory.
For FSTP, skilled trades are organized under some groups of the NOC as following-
• Group 72 – construction, electrical, and industrial sectors.
• Group 73 – maintenance or equipment operations.
• Group 82 – technical jobs in agriculture, natural resources, or related field.
• Group 92 – manufacturing or processing supervisory role, or operators.
• Group 632 – cooks or chefs.
• Group 633 – bakers, butchers.